IoT- The Internet of Things
The vision is that the IoT (Internet of Things) has the potential of connecting billions of devices to each other and the Internet. This will facilitate the communication of people with machines, and machines with other machines. Cloud computing, virtualized networks and data centers are predicted to be the main components for the success of IoT.
The Internet we know today, is going to change. Today, it’s a massive global network that allows people to communicate with each other. We share lots of data through e-mails, instant messages and other websites through different laptops, tablets, mobile phones etc. The data that is sent from these client devices is further stored onto the server. Thus, internet is made up of three main actives- People, Client devices and the Server/ Cloud.
With the Internet of Things, the scenario is going to change. In IoT, a ‘Thing’ can be any physical thing that has a sensor attached to it, that can transmit useful data further into the internet/ cloud without requiring human-to-human or human-to-computer interaction. Thus, IoT works together with the interconnection of sensors and machines.
The information collected by the sensors doesn’t worth much until it is analyzed in real time, for which cloud-based applications are used. They are used to interpret the data coming from various sensors after analyzing it; for decision making.
So whether we are aiming for improving production of a factory, giving residential updates about on where to park or monitoring personal, the common platform will be IoT, that will bring this diverse information together and provides common language for these devices and apps to communicate with each other.
For example: Automotive Industry- After a long trip, a check engine light may come up in a car which indicates the car needs to be checked by a mechanic. As a result, the sensor that triggered this light co-ordinates with rest of the sensors in the car and gathers the data in a gateway in the car which furthers integrates and sorts the gathered data. Through this, only the relevant information will be passed to the manufacturer’s platform. In the same fashion, different information will be passed on from different devices connected to the Internet, building a record and a strong database. When this data from the car is analyzed through the platform triggers an alert in the car.
Taking another instance from Real Estate- Smart cement can be used to rebuild the bridges. Smart cement, being equipped with sensors monitors cracks, stresses and warpages. Thus, giving an alert to fix problems before a catastrophe takes place.
So, now due to the sensor monitoring and tracking of all sort of data, we have intelligent real time responses enabling real time responses enabling cars to become smart cars, bridges to become smart bridges, homes to become smart homes, transportation to become smart transportation, cities to become smart cities etc. IoT is further applicable to all the industries around us like automotive, energy, healthcare, smart manufacturing, retail, smart buildings, smart homes, smart transportation etc.